Safety signs are an essential part and a very common feature of the modern workplace. There are a number of different types of safety signs available, depending on the application:
1 - Mandatory Safety Signs: Blue background colour with a White symbol and text.
2 - Warning Safety Signs: Yellow background colour with a Black triangular band and Black symbol or text.
3 - Safe Condition Safety Signs: Green background colour with a White text or symbol.
4 - Fire Equipment Safety Signs: Red background colour with a White text or symbol.
5 - Prohibition Safety Signs: White background colour with a Red Circular band and crossbar and a Black Symbol.
6 - Hazard Warning Diamonds: Internationally recognised symbols required to be used when carrying or handling hazardous substances.
7 - Road Traffic Signs: To be used where information must be relayed to the road user for a long period of time
Emergency response kits are used when there is a potential risk of a spill. The response to a spill incident involves 7 steps:
1 - ASSESS Determine the liquid spilt and assess the risk to people, the environment and to property.
2 - SELECT Select the most appropriate Spill Kit and Personal
Protection Equipment ensuring that all areas of the body are protected.
3 - CONFINE Confine the spill to as small an area as possible.
4 - STOP Stop the source of the spill if possible by uprighting containers, turning off taps or valves or plugging any holes or broken pipes.
5 - CLEAN UP Absorb and recover all liquid contaminated and ensure correct disposal.
6 - DECONTAMINATE Clean up the site (discard any Personal Protection Equipment) which has become contaminated.
7 - REPORT & RE-ORDER Report the incident to all authorised persons and authorities.
Health and Safety Legislation states that fall protection measures must be put in place by the employer of any person working at a height of 2m or more or where a fall hazard exists. If it is not
feasible to eliminate the hazard using a collective system, then a personal protective equipment system must be used, be it for restraint, work positioning or fall arrest purposes. This system consists of a full body harness, an intermediate attachment and an anchorage connector. The system can only be used if a suitable anchorage point is located close to the work area. The following European Standards apply to fall arrest products:
EN353-1 Guided Type Fall Arresters - Rigid Anchorage Line and Rails
EN360 Retractable Type Fall Arresters
EN353-2 Guided Type Fall Arresters – Flexible Anchorage Line
EN361 Full Body Harness
EN355 Shock Absorbers
EN795(b) Anchorage Devices – Class B
EN358 Work Positioning Systems
EN363 Fall Arrest Systems
The Maximum Fall Distance Using a 2M Shock Absorbing Lanyard
There are three fall factors in fall arrest that relate to the position of the anchorage point. They are used to determine the potential fall distance of a worker and so ensure that there is no risk of contact with the lower level in the event of a fall. When possible, the worker should always use an anchorage point at shoulder level or above (Factor 1 or 0). A higher anchorage point will reduce the fall distance and therefore significantly reduce the risk of injury on the body due to the impact forces of a fall.